Elke Rehder – Art & Chess

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Chess Pieces in translation

Chess is an international sport. As a result of increasing globalization, the global chess community is growing closer together. Modern communication facilities such as mobile phone, SMS, e-mail and the Internet contribute to the internationalization. The following tables might be helpful for international understanding between chess players. The names of the chess pieces are translated into several languages. For mobile devices such as smartphones, iphones and tablets I have created the following three tables. The first part shows the translation for the chess pieces king, queen and rook. The second part is for the chess pieces bishop, knight and pawn. The third table shows the international translation for the expressions chess, check and checkmate with links to the corresponding Wikipedia websites.

handmade chess pieces in modern design by the artist Elke Rehder

handmade chess pieces by the artist Elke Rehder

Part I: Translation King, Queen, Rook

© Elke Rehder

English K king Q queen R rook
Albanian M Mbret M Mbretëreshë T Top
Arabic َلِك  م وزير  و رخ/طابية  ر
Bulgarian Ц Цар
(Zar)
Д Дама (Dama) Т Топ
(Top)
Catalan R rei D dama T torre
Chinese K 王 Q 后 R 車
Croatian K kralj D dama /
kraljica
T top/kula
Czech K král D dáma V věž
Danish K konge D dronning T tĺrn
Dutch K koning D dame T toren
Esperanto R reĝo D damo T turo
Estonian K kuningas L lipp V vanker
Farsi S Schah W Wazir R Ruch
Finn K kuningas D daami /
kuningatar
T torni
French R roi D dame T tour
German K König D Dame T Turm
Gaeilge T teyrn /
brenin
B brenhines C castell
Greek Ρ βασιλιάς Β βασίλισσα Π πύργος
Hebrew מלך מלכה צריח
Hindi R raja V vajeer H hathi
Hungaria K király V vezér B bástya
Icelandic K kóngur D drottning H hrókur
Indonesia R raja M menteri B benteng
Irish R rí B banríon C caiseal
Italian R re D donna T torre
Japanese キング クイーン ルーク
Korean K 킹 Q 퀸 R 룩
Latin K rex Q regina R turris
Latvian K karalis D dāma T tornis
Lithuanian K karalius V valdovė B bokštas
Luxemb. K kinnek D damm T tuerm
Macedon K Крал D Дама T Топ
Norwegia K konge D dronning T tĺrn
Persian ش شاه و وزیر ق/ر قلعه/رخ
Polish K król H hetman W wieża
Portugues R rei D dama /
rainha
T torre
Romanian R rege D regină T turn
Russian Кр король Ф ферзь Л ладья
Serbian К краљ Д дама Т топ
Sicilian R re D riggina T turru
Slovak K kráľ D dáma V veža
Slovenian K kralj D dama T trdnjava
Spanish R rey D dama T torre
Swedish K kung D dam T torn
Turkish Ş/K şah /
kral
V vezir K kale
Ukrainian Kр король D королева T тура

 

Part II: Translation Bishop, Knight, Pawn

© Elke Rehder

English B bishop N/ Kt knight (P) pawn
Albanian O Oficier K Kal  Pion
Arabic فيل  ف حصان  ح بيدق/عسكري  ب
Bulgarian О Офицер
(Ofizer)
К Кон
(Kon)
 П Пешка
(Peschka)
Catalan A alfil C cavall (P) peó
Chinese B 象 N 馬 (P) 兵
Croatian L lovac / 
   laufer
S skakač /
   konj
 (P) pješak
Czech S střelec J jezdec (P) pěšec
Danish L lřber S springer (B) bonde
Dutch L loper P paard (P) pion
Esperanto K kuriero Ĉ ĉevalo (P) peono
Estonian O oda R ratsu (E) ettur
Farsi F Fil A Asb Sarbaz
Finn L lähetti R ratsu (S) sotilas
French F fou C cavalier (P) pion
German L Läufer S Springer (B) Bauer
Gaeilge E esgob M marchog (G) gwerinwr
Greek Α αξιωματικός Ι ίππος (Σ) πιόνι
Hebrew רץ פרש רגלי
Hindi O oont G ghoda P pyada
Hungaria F futó H huszár (P) gyalog /
paraszt
Icelandic B biskup R riddari (P) peđ
Indonesia G gajah K kuda (P) pion
Irish E easpag D ridire (F) fichillín /
ceithearnach
Italian A alfiere C cavallo (P) pedone
Japanese ビショップ ナイト ポーン
Korean B 비숍 N 나이트 (P) 폰
Latin B episcopus N eques (P) pedes
Latvian L laidnis Z zirgs (B)bandinieks
Lithuania R rikis Ž žirgas (P)pėstininkas
Luxemb. L leefer P päerd (B) bauer
Macedoni L Ловец S Коњ Пешак
Norwegia L lřper S springer (B) bonde
Persian ف فیل ا اسب س سرباز
Polish G goniec S skoczek (P) pion
Portugues B bispo C cavalo (P) peăo
Romania N nebun C cal (P) pion
Russian С слон К конь (П) пешка
Serbian Л ловац С скакач (П) пешак
Sicilian A alferu S scecchu (P) pidinu
Slovak S strelec J jazdec (P) pešiak
Slovenian L lovec S skakač (P)  kmet
Spanish A alfil C caballo (P) peón
Swedish L löpare S springare (B) bonde
Turkish F fil A at (P) asker /
piyon
Ukrainian C слон K кінь (П) пішак

 

Translation of Chess, Check and Checkmate in International Languages

The colour-coded words in the table below are linked to the websites of the free encyclopedia WIKIPEDIA of each country. For example, a click on the word "Skak" opens the Danish website of WIKIPEDIA in a new window.

In particular, chess enthusiasts, who have learned the Latin language in school, will have fun with a link to a page in Latin language.

An Esperanto chess page is also offered, because of the global dissemination. Perhaps the Esperanto chess page will be helpful for some players.

Chess sites in languages with non-Latin alphabets, such as Arabic, Chinese, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Persian, Russian, Serbian and Ukrainian, can be visited directly without complicated input via the PC keyboard.

© Elke Rehder

English Chess Check Checkmate
Arabic شطرنج كِش مَلِك كِش مات
Catalan Escacs Escac/
Xec
Escac i mat
Chinese 國際象棋 將軍 將死
Croatian Šah Šah Šah mat
Czech Šachy Šach Mat
Danish Skak Skak Skakmat
Dutch Schaken Schaak Mat
Esperanto Ŝako Ŝak Ŝakmato
Estonian Male Tuli Matt
Finn Shakki Shakki Matti/
Shakkimatti
French Jeu d'échecs Échec Échec et mat
Gaeilge Gwyddbwyll Siach Siachmat
German Schach Schach Schachmatt
Greek Σκάκι Σαχ Mάτ
Hebrew שחמט שח מט
Hindi Shatranj Shah Maat
Hungaria Sakk Sakk Matt
Icelandic Skák Skák Skák og mát
Indonesia Catur Skak Skak mati
Irish Ficheall Sáinn Marbhsháinn
Italian Scacchi Scacco Scacco matto
Japanese チェス 王手 詰み
Korean 체스 체크 체크메이트
Latin Scacci Scaccus Mattus
Latvian Šahs Šahs Šahs un mats
Lithuania Šachmatai Šach Matas
Luxemb. Schach Schach Schachmatt
Norwegia Sjakk Sjakk Sjakkmatt
Persian شطرنج کیش کیشمات
Polish Szachy Szach Mat
Portugues Xadrez Xeque Xeque-mate
Romanian Şah Şah Mat
Russian Шахматы Шах Мат
Serbian Шах Шах Мат
Sicilian Scacchi Scacco Scacco matto
Slovak Šach Šach Mat/Šachmat
Slovenian Šah Šah Mat/Šahmat
Spanish Ajedrez Jaque Jaque mate
Swedish Schack Schack Schack matt
Turkish Satranç Şah Mat
Ukrainia Шахи Шах Мат

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